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Golden Gate Highlands National Park

Plant List

Most Common Plant Species Of Golden Gate Highlands National Park:

Trees/Bome

Buddleja saligna: False Olive (Eng); Witolienhout, Witsalie (Afr)
Buddleja salviifolia : Lelothwane (SS), Sagewood (Eng); Wildesalie (Afr)
Cussonia paniculata: Motsetse, Cabbage ya dipela (SS); Mountain Cabbage (Eng); Bergkiepersol (Afr)
Diospyros whyteana: Bladder Nut (Eng); Swartbas (Afr); Umkhaza (Zulu)
Euclea crispa: Blue Guarri (Eng); Bloughwarrie (Afr)
Gymnosporia buxifolia: Common Spike-Thorn (Eng); Gewone Pendoring (Afr)
Halleria lucida: Lebetsa (SS); Tree Fuchsia (Eng); Notsung (Afr)
Heteromorpha trifoliate: Parsley Tree (Eng); Wildepieterseliebos (Afr); Makatlala (SS)
Kiggelaria africana: Wild Peach (Eng); Wildeperske (Afr)
Leucosidea sericea: Tjhetjhe (SS); Oldwood (Eng); Ouhout (Afr)
Maytenus acuminata: Tepo (SS); Silky Bark (Eng); Sybas (Afr)
Olinia emarginata: Mountain Hard Pear (Eng); Berghardepeer (Afr)
Pittosporum viridiflorum: Motsosanku, Mohatollo, Mosetla (SS); Cheesewood (Eng);
Kasuur (Afr)
Podocarpus latifolius: Real Yellowwood (Eng); Opregte Geelhout (Afr); Umkhoba (Zulu)
Protea caffra: Sekila (SS); Common Sugarbush (Eng); Gewone Suikerbos (Afr)
Protea roupelliae: Silver Sugarbush (Eng); Silwersuikerbos (Afr); Uqhambathi (Zulu)
Rhus dentata: Mabelebele (SS); Nana-berry (Eng); Nanabessie (Afr)
Scolopia mundii: Thorn Par (Eng); Doringpeer (Afr)

Shrubs/Struike

Artemisia afra: Lengana (SS); Wormwood (Eng); Wildeals (Afr)
Calpurnia villosa: Tlwele (SS); Mountain Laburnum (Eng)
Cassinopsis ilicifolia: Lemon Thorn (Eng); Lemoentjiedoring (Afr); Ihlazane (Zulu)
Chrysanthemoides monilifera: Ntlo ya Lekgwaba (SS); Bush-tick Berry (Eng); Bietou (Afr)
Clutia pulchella: Lightning Bush (Eng); Oumeisieknie (Afr); Ungwaleni (Zulu)
Diospyros austro-africana: Kersbos, Kraaibos (Afr)
Diospyros whyteana: Cape blackwood, African bladder-nut (Eng); Kraaibessie, Bostolbos (Afr); Umkhaze (Zulu)
Erica cerinthoides: Red Hairy Heath (Eng); Rooihaartjie (Afr)
Felicia filifolia: Sehalahala sa matlaka (SS); Bloudraaibos, Ghombos (Afr); Blue karoo daisy, Karoobush (Eng)
Indigofera hedyantha: Mmusapelo wa mafika (SS); Aambeibossie (Afr)
Melolobium microphyllum: Honey Bush (Eng); Heuningbossie (Afr)
Myrsine africana: Cape Myrtle (Eng); Mirting (Afr)
Polygala virgata: Hlokwalelelle (SS); Bloukappie (Afr)
Rhamnus prinoides: Mofifi (SS); Dogwood (Eng); Blinkbaar (Afr)
Rhus discolor: Koptjwane (SS); Gwarrie (Afr)
Rhus erosa: Broom karee, Fine-leaved karee (Eng); Besemkaree (Afr); Tshilabele (SS)
Sutherlandia frutescens: Kalkoenbelletjie (Afr), Mahloko (SS)
Tarchonanthus camphorates: Camphor bush (Engl); Vaalbos (Afr); Mofahlana (SS)

Climbers/Rankers

Clematis brachiata: Morarana wa mafehlo (SS); Bridal Wreath, Traveller’s Joy (Eng);
Klimop (Afr)
Rhoicissus tridentata ssp. cuneifolia: Wildedruif, Bobbejaantou (Afr)
Littonia modesta: Climbing Christmas Bell (Eng); Geelklokkie (Afr)

Grasses/Grasse

Andropogon appendiculatus: Marotlo a mafubedu (SS); Vlei Blue Stem (Eng);
Vleiblougras (Afr)
Aristida diffusa ssp. burkei: Bohlanya ba dipere (SS); Iron Grass (Eng); Ystergras (Afr)
Aristida congesta ssp. barbicollis: Phutha mahlaswa, Bolepo, Mohlolohadi (SS); Spreading Three-awn (Eng); Lossteekgras (Afr)
Aristida junciformis: Phuthadikgoba, Lefielo (SS); Ngongoni Three-awn (Eng); Ngongoni-steekgras (Afr)
Cymbopogon excavatus: Broad-leaved Turpinetine Grass (Eng); Breëblaarterpentyngras (Afr)
Cymbopogon plurinodis: Narrow-leaved Turpentine Grass (Eng); Smalblaarterpentyn (Afr)
Cymbopogon validus: Giant Turpentine Grass (Eng); Reuse Terpentyngras (Afr)
Digitaria eriantha: Finger Grass (Eng); Vingergras (Afr)
Digitaria monodactyla: Bohobe ba dinonyana (SS); One Finger Grass (Eng);
Eenvingergras (Afr)
Diheteropogon filifolius Sehloko sa matlapa, Tlhoko (SS); Threadleaved bluestem (Eng); Smalblaarblougras (Afr)
Elionurus muticus: Thloko (SS); Wire grass (Eng); Koperdraad (Afr)
Eragrostis curvula: Moseka, Seritswana (SS); Weeping Love Grass (Eng); Oulandsgras (Afr)
Eragrostis plana: Modula (SS); Tough Love Grass (Eng); Taaipol (Afr)
Harpochloa falx: Lefokolodi, Maraptjwana (SS); Caterpillar Grass (Eng); Ruspergras (Afr)
Heteropogon contortus: Seloka (SS); Speargrass (Eng); Assegaaigras (Afr)
Hyparrhenia hirta: Qokwa, Mofulatshepe (SS); Common Thatch Grass (Eng); Dekgras (Afr)
Imperata cylindrical: Mohlabalerumo (SS); Cottonwool Grass (Eng); Donsgras (Afr)
Koeleria capensis: Letsiri (SS); June Grass (Eng); Polgras (Afr)
Melinis nerviglumis: Mohlahapele, Boleyane (SS); Bristle Leaved Red-top (Eng);
Fluweelgras (Afr)
Microchloa caffra: Jwang ba matlapa (SS); Pincushion Grass (Eng); Elsgras (Afr)
Monocymbopogon ceresiiforme: Mobeseletso (SS); Wild Oat Grass (Eng);
Wildehawergras (Afr)
Rendlia altera: Mohlatswa lehano (SS); Mohem’s Crest, Toothbrush Grass (Eng),
Kleinrolblaar (Afr)
Sporobolus centrifuges: Mabele a dinonyana (SS); Olive Dropseed (Eng)
Setaria nigrirostris: Black-seed Bristle Grass (Eng); Swartsaadgras (Afr)
Setaria sphacelata var. torta: Thusane (SS); Creeping Bristle Grass (Eng);
Kruipmannagras (Afr)
Themeda triandra: Setjhaba, Seboku (SS); Red Grass (Eng); Rooigras (Afr)
Trachypogon spicatus: Ledutla (SS); Giant Spear Grass (Eng); Bokbaardgras (Afr)
Tristachya leucothrix: Letswalle (SS); Trident Grass (Eng); Harige Drieblomsaadgras (Afr)
Urochloa panicoides: Kgola (SS); Garden Signal Grass (Eng); Tuinbeesgras (Afr)

Herbs/Kruide

Alepidea amatymbica: Lesoko (SS); Slangwortel, Kalmoes (Afr)
Cycnium racemosum: Umahlabazihlangane (Zulu)
Euphorbia clavaroides: Sehloko (SS); Grootvingerpol (Afr)
Gazania krebsiana ssp. serrulata: Tshikitlane (SS); Kleingousblommetjie (Afr)
Papaver aculeatum: Sehlohlo (SS); Californian Poppy (Eng); Rooipapawer, Koringroos (Afr)
Pentanisia prunelloides: Setimamollo (SS); Wild Verbena (Eng); Umakuphole (Zulu)

Geophytes/Bolplante

Boophane disticha: Leshoma (SS); Poison Plant (Eng); Gifbol, Seeroogblom (Afr)
Cyrtanthus tuckii: Brandlelie (Afr)
Gladiolus papilio: Ibutha Igulusha (Zulu)
Kniphofia porphyrantha: Red-hot Poker (Eng)
Rhodohypoxis baurii var. confecta: Rooisterretjie (Afr)
Scilla natalensis: Kgerere (SS); Maerman (Afr)
Zantedeschia albomaculata: Mohaladitwe (SS); Kleinvarkblom (Afr)

Ferns/Varings

Adiantum capillus-venerus: Maiden Hair Fern (Eng); Vrouehaar (Afr)
Pellaea calomelanos: Lepata-maoa (SS); Hard-Fern (Eng)
Pteridium aquilinum: Bracken Fern, Eagle Fern (Eng); Adelaarsvaring (Afr)
Selaginella caffrorum: Phate ya badimo (SS); Resurrection Plant (Eng)
Mohria caffrorum (M. vestita): Scented Fern (Eng)
Cheilanthes eckloniana: Mathomeng (SS)
Cheilanthes hirta: Lethotho, Mamaoaneng (SS); Parsley Fern (Eng)
Cheilanthes quadripinnata: Lehorometso (SS)
Cheilanthes viridis:
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum: Lehorometso (SS)
Asplenium aethiopicum:

Golden Gate Highlands National Park is currently the only grassland National Park in South Africa. The park contains over 60 species of grasses and you can find information and pictures on the dominant grass species in the park here.

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